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Herdbook number: 274/TT/96
Number of protection pronouncing law: 27/1996. (X. 9.) KTM decree
Serial number of the area regarding the International convention: HUBN10007 and HUBN 200071- Natura 2000
Extent of the area: 1 004.7 hectare
Name of the county: Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
Names of the settlements: Sárospatak, Alsóberecki, Vajdácska

The TT only affects Sárospatak and Vajdácska’s area from the settlements of Sárospatak micro region in the rate below:

Settlement

Area of settlement
(ha)

The affecting LeTT areas of the settlements(ha)

Area ratio

(%)

Sárospatak

13770,41

115,543

0,839

Vajdácska

2279,892

59,818

2,624

Bodrog is one of the most beautiful, almost natural condition, actually living river of Hungary. The floodplain of the river – especially in the southern, Bodrogköz side – is still huge, it is full of mortlakes, tiny lakes, soaked-fen areas, lesser or greater spots of floodplain forests. However, the line of the forest spots, which lies between Sárospatak and Sátoraljaújhely are special amongst these.
The former gentlemanly domain (Waldbott family, name giver of the majority of trees, and the Windischgraetz family in the past century) remained, where the former Bodrog coastal forest area – which was more extensive along our history – was partly used for acorn swine keeping, and it partly functioned as a deer-park (Fallow deers were also kept here before World War II.), and today, wood-cutting is prohibited in this area because of the former gentlemanly owners’ activities. Manifestation of Long-forest into nature preservation area was in 1996. Extension of the area: 1123.2 hectare. The aim of the protection declaration along the Bodrog-river and in the bounded area of dead beds is to preserve the existing, natural, flood basin forest communities, as well as rich plants and wildlife. Each part is known since 1942, when the first areas were placed under protection as natural values. At that time the Three-soldier-tree, Marie-tree, Isabella-tree, Diana-tree, Stefania-tree and the Tarzan-tree. The last two were judged as extinct at the 1975 year revision, their exact place and description were disappeared. The Diana and Isabella trees may have lived in the beginning of the 1980’s. Their areas were clear-cut, surely they disappeared at that time. The Isabella-tree was a younger copper beech on the right coast of Bodrog. Newly, these kind of red foilage specimens are don’t exist anymore. The Three-soldier-tree, or trees are still can be found on the Bodrogköz side, as well as on the piece of the former forest part of Nagykökényes, which remained after the river control. The roadside beech specimen – which wore the nameplate – was ruined by a summer storm in 1997. This was in a close relation with its treemates, the also big sized, old beeches. Only the Marie-tree – which is a huge white poplar – stands close to its two similar sized mates in the Kökényes forest part (relatively unbroken).
The area is a flood basin level plain with a 91-100 m altitude. The horizontal gash has a significant value, due to the bed changes, mort lakes and dead beds. The deeper and higher lying terrains are well signified by willow-poplar and oak-ash-elm gallery forests, and the mosaic occurance of the remains of plain hornbeam-pedicellate oaks. Today, the extension of indigenous hornbeam-pedicle has shrunk into few forest parts, its place is taken by its strongly formed derivatives, as well as not indigenous tree species, and home willow, poplar plantations. The particular image of the nature conservation area’s flora is defined by the duality, what the occurance of generally current watery and marsh plants, species of flood basin wetlands, as well as the adjacent montane units of fresh hornbeam-oak forest land means. The nature conservational values of kelp- and marsh associations are given by the relatively high number of outstanding species richness and the protected species. The vegetation historical and plant geographical importance of hornbeam-pedicle oak forest is inestimable. The Long-forest is almost completely surrounded by a dam. We can find variable species composition – it reminds of willow-poplar galleries – forest spots in the clay pits along the dam. Secondary, but enough species rich lawns – similar to the flood basin meadow lawns – grow on the side of the dam. Dominant association here is the Caric vulpinae-Alopecuretum pratensis and the high sedgy associations with protected species, like the Tisza-coast Margaret flower (Chrysanthemum serotinum), cornish gentian (Gentiana pneumonanthe), and the marsh peavine (Lathyrus palustis). There are pastures to the south and east from Vajdácska Dead-Bodrog, which are still being used; noteworthy species here is the meadow aster (Aster sedifolius).
Different floating and rooting kelps are growing abundantly in the mort lakes of Long-forest (Long-lake, Judge-lake, Kapronca-vein, Vajdácska Dead-Bodrog, etc.); the previous ones are also occuring in periodical water levelings. Relatively simple structured, small species-rich, and also natural conditioned associations, with several rare and protected species, including cruciferous duckweed (Lemna trisulca) tasseled duckweed (Spirodela polyrhiza), white water-lily (Nympaea alba), saligot (Trapa natans), floating watermoss (Salvinia natans). Despite the significant rated artificial forest habitats, this forest area still keeps the former Bodrog-coastal remnant of the forest dweller fauna in Europe. It is not accidental, that lines of rare species are still living here. The collapsing waters of Kárpátok has layed its driftwoods with its silt, that brought insects and snails, and if these animals have found favorable life conditions, they settled down in Long-forest. With this manner, many Kárpát unit have remained in this hazy meso-climate forest.
The watery areas area also give home to the valuable bird fauna, inter alia for the purple heron, small heron, and the black stork. The significant butterfly of softwood galleries is the small actor butterfly (Apatura ilia), while in the hardwood galleries’ border – in each year – the ornate nymphalidaes are flying in a big mass (Euphydryas maturna). The area’s rare ground-beetles are the following: the brassy carabid, which is not known from the surrounding areas of the Great Plain (Carabus ullrichi), and the only endemism of the north-eastern highlands and the area, the Zemplén carabid (C. zawadskyi).
In 1989, the Tokaj-Bodrogzug Landscape Protection District and the attendant flood basin of Bodrog – including Long-forest Nature Conservation Area – as well as the entire area of Zempléni-mountain – with the close related micro lands (except the Szerencsi-hills) – have been put up onto the national level organised, important list of bird habitats (IBA), which if receive appropriate protection, they can ensure the maintenance of the european bird fauna. The IBA classification – in each member states of the European Union – means the base of designation of protected areas.
The meadowy and stony rayfish are emphasized in mort lakes, clay pits and canals (Misgurnus fossilis, Cobitis taenia). And from the less frequent mammal species, the wild cat, the ermine and the otter occurs.

2012 06 02 281

2008 07 03 082 

A weblap az Európai Mezőgazdasági és Vidékfejlesztési Alap, Magyarország Kormányának LEADER keretéből
a SIMONINFO Multimédia és Oktatási Kft. kivitelezésében valósult meg.

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